This little word processor is not a fully fledged professional effort but on the other hand it should prove perfectly adequate for most home users purposes. In particular, it is cheap (you can type in the whole program from the Amstrad User for this and next month, or get a working version from next month's tape).
Unlike most word processors written in the Amstrad CPC's Locomotive BASIC it features full word wrap, -smart" right Justification. insert and ovcrtvpe modes, and good 'WYSIWYG" (what you see is what you get). It should also be immune (o the problem of long pauses Induced by "garbage collect Ion", as we have been very careful 1o manage our memory use so that this can never occur.
'ihe program works on all CPC's including unexpanded CPC464's and CPC664's. While it will not replacc TASWORD or PROTEXT it will be just right for things like letters or school homework. If you have a thesis or a novel or something else of a major nature you will warn to Invest in one of the professional word processing packages available. In the meantime though, if you have not done any word processing as yet this program should give you some idea of Just how useful this aspect of your computer can be.
When you first enter the program a menu with seven options appears on the starling screen. The highlighted option will be selected if the [RETURN] key is pressed - the highlighting may be moved with the up and down cursor keys or by pressing the option number. Thie options available on (his menu arc as follows:
- CREATE NEW FILE :This clears all text currently held In memory (make sure you have saved it first if you don't warn (o lose it forever) and sets you up to enter lexr into a new "file" or document. You will be asked to name the file - It is not compulsory to do so at this stage but otherwise the document will need to be named when and if ic is "saved" 10 the disc.
- EDIT TEXT IN MEMORY :This simply puts you at the head of the document ii memory - if there Is no document in memory then it will start one for you. although ii will not at this stage be named.
- SAVE FILE :Saves the document in current memory 10 disc with (he current name If the Ale has not been named it will ask for a name that can be turned into a valid CPM/AMSDOS file name. All flics produced by this word processor arc automatically given the file extension ".DOC".
- LOAD FILE :Loads a flic from the disc into memory. Any text in memory will be cleared, and the "edit" mode, will be entered automatically, with the cursor at the head of the text.
- PRINT FILE :This will bring up the "PRINT FILE" menu - enabling you to get various "PRINT parameters (see below) as well as actually print out a file on your printer.
- RENAME FILE :Renames the file In memory especially useful to save a new version of a file under another name.
- EXIT PROGRAM :Self explanatory - sudden and drastic, so make sure you have saved any text you don't want to lose.
When the "edit" screen comes up you can type flic text you want straight into the computer you will notice that (here is no need to press [RETURN] at the end of a line, unless you want to end the line early a full line will be automatically "word wrapped" (if you are not sure what this means. Jus: try and see! The little black blob (hat moves as you type is called the "cursor", apart from the normal way it moves as you type text in. you can also make it move about the screen with the four -arrow" keys on your keyboard. Experiment to see what happens if you hold down [shift] or [control] while you press the arrow keys. You should find you can make the cursor Jump a word or a page at a time, and send it to the top or bottom of your text.
From the edit screen you also have the following set of options - accessed by using the [control] key.
- Set the "ruler': This is the line at the top of "the screen that shows where the margins and tabs are currently situated. If you hold down the [control) key and then press [R] options will be presented to change left and right margins, and any of the TAB settings. Just follow the on screen directions. You can change the ruler during the course of a document (for instance, to indent a quotation).
- et ""Overtype" or "Insert" mode: The "Insert" routine is actually rather ambitious for BASIC, with the result that it functions very slowly. This is fairly acceptable if you are simply inserting a word to a sentence or a letter into a mis-spelt word, but it will not do for normal typing - thus the "Overtype" mode is what you will mostly use. Holding down the [control] key while pressing (I) will select "Insert" mode -similarly "control O" will get you back in "Overtype". A little experimentation will show the difference between the two modes - watch particularly the way the [clr] and [del] keys work in each mode!
- Set "Auto format" off or on: This works in overtype mode, and "right justifies" each line as it finishes by adding extra space between words. Note that lines may be re-formatted later. To set or unset this feature hold down the [control] key and press [A].
- Re-format text: If you have been inserting (or deleting) words, sentences etc. then your text will soon start to look untidy, with many lines blank or only partially filled. You may also decide, even with text that docs not suffer from this problem, that you want to change lines from "right-Justified" to "ragged right margin" format (or vice-versa). Place the cursor anywhere on the line concerned, and press "control F". This may upset the formatting of the next line, as words are taken up to fill the line you are on - in this case just press "control F" again until everything is O.K. (probably at the end of the paragraph"). Blank lines that you want omitted may be removed by pressing "control D". If you are formatting in "Auto format" mode then the last line of the paragraph will probably look better formatted with this feature OFF.
- Return to the main menu: At any stage you may return to the main menu by pressing the [ESC] key. The file in memory is not affected, and may be SAVEd or PRINTed - or you can return to it by selecting the "EDIT TEXT IN MEMORY" option. Note, however, that LOADing a file, or CREATING a new file, will effectively wipe out any text in memory, so it is essential to SAVE any text before you do these things, unless you have finished with the text and are quite sure you will never want to refer to it again.
In next month s issue the word processing program will continue, with more text for CPC disk drive users, as well as some amendments to make allowances for CPC tape users.
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L'Amstrad CPC est une machine 8 bits à base d'un Z80 à 4MHz. Le premier de la gamme fut le CPC 464 en 1984, équipé d'un lecteur de cassettes intégré il se plaçait en concurrent du Commodore C64 beaucoup plus compliqué à utiliser et plus cher. Ce fut un réel succès et sorti cette même années le CPC 664 équipé d'un lecteur de disquettes trois pouces intégré. Sa vie fut de courte durée puisqu'en 1985 il fut remplacé par le CPC 6128 qui était plus compact, plus soigné et surtout qui avait 128Ko de RAM au lieu de 64Ko.